Counselling is when a client and a therapist, or psychologist, develop a working relationship. It is a two-way process. A psychologist does not ‘fix’ or ‘cure’ the client. The client and the psychologist work together to find a more effective or helpful way of negotiating the specific problem being presented.
Counselling is a process where a psychologist might ask lots of questions. This helps to build up a profile of an issue or problem. The questions help the therapist to learn about strategies that have worked and not in the past. The psychologist will develop a working hypothesis (or theory) about what might be going on for the client. This hypothesis often guides the direction of therapy. However, as new information is added to the psychologist’s understanding of their client the hypothesis can change. Counselling is a dynamic process that draws on theoretical knowledge and experience as well information, history and experience individual to each client.